Step 1 - Assess risks

In cooperation with the employees, identify the risks  in the  workplace and implement preventive measures

In cooperation with the employees and the safety representative (“verneombud”, VO), the employer must identify all the risk factors in the workplace and make a plan for preventive measures as well as a plan for implementing these measures.

This also applies to the risk of sexual harassment. The identification and risk assessment must be conducted in cooperation with the safety representative (VO) or employees’ representatives. The employer may also request assistance from the occupational health service (BHT) or others with expertise in this field.

Three simple questions form the core of the risk assessment:

  1. What can go wrong in our workplace?
  2. What can we do to prevent this?
  3. What can we do to reduce the consequences if this happens?

The risk of sexual harassment affects people differently. The employer should therefore, in cooperation with the employees, consider measures that protect those who are in greatest need of protection.

Factors that increase the risk of sexual harassment, working situations that are particularly hazardous and employees who are most vulnerable:

Risk factors:

  • Factors that make it difficult for employees to tell someone about harassment without being afraid of the consequences
  • Negative attitudes to groups, for example women and immigrants
  • Alcohol in the workplace or in connection with work
  • Sexualised culture and jargon in the workplace
  • Blurred boundaries between work and personal life
  • Lack of systematic occupational health and safety procedures

Risk situations:

  • Evening and night shifts
  • Work involving serving of alcoholic beverages
  • Work involving close contact with clients, guests or customers
  • Working alone. This applies both to cases where one is alone at work and to specific working situations where one works alone.
  • Social settings at work, or work travel where there may be unclear boundaries between work and personal life
  • Work situations where clients, guests or customers “feel at home” and “forget” that employees are at work

Risk groups:

  • Temporary and part-time employees
  • Young employees, particularly women
  • Apprentices and trainees
  • Employees who are of a minority or are perceived as such

 

Link to the quidance of risk identification and action plan (Norwegian)